Date: December 5th, 2007

Venue: Small Theater, Student Union, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, Korea

Organized by:
Scientific secretariat:

The programme

The brochure

Summary of scientific session presentations

Scientific session speaker's resume

The signatore of the MoU among the Ewha Womans University and the University of Torino

The event on the mass media

The 2nd Korea-Italy joint seminar on climate change


14:00 Welcoming & Opening Address

Bae-Yong Lee, President of Ewha Womans University
Massimo Andrea Leggeri, Ambassador of Italy I

14: 10 Key Note Address

Climate Change - Science and Related Policy in Korea
Yun-Ang Chung, Director General, Climate, Information and Technology Bureau, Korea Meteorological Administration

14:20 Ceremony of Signature of a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between 1 The University of Torino (Italy) and The Ewha Womans University (Korea)

14: 40 Scientific Session

Chairman: Prof. Seon Ki Park

14:45 Rokjin J. Park (Seoul National University, Korea)

Some Scientific Issues in Atmospheric Chemistry and Their Climate Implications

15: 15 Antonello Pasini (CNR-National Research Council, Italy)

The Challenge of Understanding Climatic Behaviour

15:45 Coffee Break

16:00 Chang-Hoi Ho (Seoul National University, Korea)

Is Climate Change Attributed to Human Activities?

16: 30 Claudio Cassardo (University of Torino, Italy)

Regional Responses to the Global Change: The Case of Italy and Europe

17: 00 Seon Ki Park (Ewha Womans University, Korea)

Forecasting Disastrous Weather Systems to Cope with Global Change

17: 30 Discussion and Concluding Remarks

18: 00 Reception

Summary of scientific session presentations

Some Scientific Issues in Atmospheric Chemistry and Their Climate Implications

Rokjin J. Park

Ozone and atmospheric aerosol are two most important air pollutants affecting humans and lives on Earth. In addition, they have a significant implication for climate because of their extinctions of radiation in the atmosphere. Spatial and temporal distributions of those species and the capability of simulating them are thus critical for examining and quantifying their influences on air quality and climate. There however are large discrepancies between observations and models of those species in the atmosphere in part due to our lack of understanding of relevant chemical and physical processes. In this work a number of critical scientific issues in atmospheric ozone and aerosols are presented and discussed in the context of their roles in climate change.

Is Climate Change Attributed to Human Activities?

Chang-Hoi Ho

The present study has examined changes In meteorological variables over East Asia during the half of the 20th century. The long-term meteorological variables include temperature, precipitation, typhoon, and large-scale circulation obtained from surface observations and reanalysis data. The author also investigates ground- observed air pollution and satellite-retrieved cloud information for recent years. The present results note the presence of the considerable changes in temperature, precipitation, typhoon, and large-scale circulation over East Asia. However, the periods of the utilized data are limited to the past few decades. Thus it remains insoluble whether the changes are due to climate change or climate variation. Using recent data sets of aerosol and rainfall frequency in China, this study has , suggested that climate change is attributed to human activities.

Forecasting Disastrous Weather Systems to Cope with Global Change

Seon K. Park

Despite continued debate, the undeniable global warming seems to cause disastrous weather events that are more frequent and have greater intensities. Disastrous weather systems cause billions of dollars of damage and numerous deaths in the Asian countries every year. The eastern Asian countries are especially susceptible to severe weather related to monsoon, extratropical cyclones and typhoons. To cope with the climate change and associated disastrous weather systems, it is essential to improve the accuracy of forecasting such weather systems.
Some essential factors include: 1) understanding the characteristics of local weather systems in response to climate change; 2) understanding the mechanisms of initiation/development of severe weather systems in local area; and 3) improving numerical weather prediction systems using high-resolution storm-scale modeling and data assimilation.

The Challenge of Understanding Climate Behaviour

Antonello Pasini

Climate is the prototype of a complex system and understanding its behaviour is a challenge for contemporary science. A well-founded knowledge of the climate system is also needed for avoiding its most dangerous changes and their impacts on territories and ecosystems. Direct and indirect observations allow us to find coincidences and correlations among several variables in the climate system, but do not permit to work out quantitative explanations of its complex behaviour. Then, in this talk I present two modelling approaches to the simulation of climate and lead the audience to a journey in the "virtual laboratory" of a modeller. In doing so, I show that the models can be validated on the past climate, they are able to attribute the recent climate changes to some driving causes (forcings) and they lead us to explore future climate scenarios for the next decades. Results about validation, attribution and future projections will be presented. Even if this discussion is mostly founded on a global basis, emphasis will be also devoted to regional scenarios in the Mediterranean basin, which appears as a "hot spot" for future climate change. A brief discussion about vulnerability of territories/ecosystems and possible impacts of the global climate change on lands, agriculture and animals concludes this talk.

Regional Responses to the Global Change: The Case of Italy and Europe

Claudio Cassardo

Mean temperatures grew also in Italy in the past 140 years, and IPCC forecasts show ulterior Iincrements in the period 2071-2100. In particular, summers are forecasted 3-5°C warmer than now, thus, at the end of this century, perhaps a summer like the 2003 one, which caused about 50000 fatality excess in Europe, will be considered fresh or just normal. But the most interesting thing to notice is that these increments are not equally distributed on the European territory. Most of central and northern Europe would be affected by a winter warming quite remarked, while the predictions over the Italian territory show higher temperatures during summer and scarce precipitations. During the last few years, a change in the summer precipitation regime in Italy has been already perceived, mainly in the South, with a decrement of the total rainfall and an increase of the precipitation intensity. Such changes, confirmed by the results of the regional model forecasts for the next century (see for instance Prudence project), will cause concrete risks of water supply shortage and desertification in some areas, and conversely of landslides and territory damage in other areas or in other periods (for instance spring and autumn). Also the sea level will show increases, whose consequences could be catastrophic for the coastal areas in which human acti~ity is high (i.n Italy this.problem will affect not only Venice but also other coastal zones). During the seminar, we will also show some other effects of the forecasted climatic variations on the agriculture, on the forests and the animals, with some notes relative to the Italian territory.

Scientific session speaker's resume

Prof. Rokjin J. Park

Assistant Professor of Atmospheric Sciences, School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea
Managing Editor, Atmosphere, Korean Meteorological Society

1995-2001: Ph. D. in Atmospheric Sciences, University of Maryland, College Park
1988-1995: B.S. in Atmospheric Sciences, Seoul National University

2007-Present: Assistant Professor, Seoul National University
2004-2007: Research Scientist/Atmospheric Chemistry, Harvard University
2001-2004: Postdoctoral Scientist, Atmospheric Chemistry, Harvard University

Prof. Rokjin J. Park
School of Earth and Environmental Sciences Seoul National University
San 56-1, Sillim-dong, Gwanak-gu, Seoul, 151-742, Republic of Korea
phone: +82-2-880-6715; fax: +82-2-883-4972; e-mail: rjpark_AT_snu.ac.kr

Prof. Chang-Hoi Ho

Associate Professor of Atmospheric Sciences, School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea
1988-1994: Ph. D. in Atmospheric Sciences, Seoul National University
1986-1988: M.S. in Atmospheric Sciences, Seoul National University
1982-1986: B.S. in Atmospheric Sciences, Seoul National University

2002-Present: Associate Professor, Seoul National University
1998-2002: Assistant Professor, Seoul National University
1994-1997: Research Associate, NASNGoddard Space Flight Center

Prof. Chang-Hoi Ho

School of Earth and Environmental Sciences ) Seoul National University
I San 56-1, Sillim-dong, Gwanak-gu, Seoul 151-742, Republic of Korea
phone: +82-2-880-8861; fax: +82-2-876-6795; e-mail: hoch_AT_cpl.snu.ac.kr

Prof. Seon K. Park

Associate Professor of Environmental Science and Engineering and
Director of Severe Storm Research Center, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, Korea
Editor-in-Chief, Atmosphere, Korean Meteorological Society

1990-1996: Ph. D. in Meteorology, University of Oklahoma

1984-1986: M.S. in Atmospheric Sciences, Seoul National University
1980-1984: B.S. in Meteorology, Seoul National University

2007-Present: Director, Severe Storm Research Center, Ewha Womans University
2001-Present: Assistant and Associate Professor, Ewha Womans University

2001-2001: Staff Scientist, NASNGoddard Space Flight Center
1999-2000: Assistant Research Scientist, University of Maryland

1996-1999: Research Scientist, CAPS/CIMMS, University of Oklahoma
1987-1990: Weather Forecasting Officer, ROK Air Force

Prof. Seon K. Park

Department of Environmental Science and Engineering Ewha Womans University
11-1 Daehyun-dong, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul 120-750, Republic of Korea
phone: +82-2-3277-3331; fax: +82-2-3277-3275; e-mail: spark_AT_ewha.ac.kr

Dr. Antonello Pasini

Antonello PASINI graduated cum laude in Physics in 1985 at the University of Bologna, specialized in General and Theoretical Physics in 1986 at the same University and in Physics of the atmosphere and Meteorology in 1990 at the Italian Met Service (WMO criteria). He attended several courses on dynamical modeling and advanced use of vectorial and parallel computers at the ECMWF (Reading, UK), on non-linear systems and climate change at the ICTP (Trieste, Italy). Since 1988 till 1999 he was employed as a physicist and meteorologist at the Italian Met Service (Air Force). Since November 1999 he is affiliated as researcher to the CNR-lnstitute of Atmospheric Pollution. Dr. Pasini is member of the Committee on artificial intelligence applications to environmental sciences of the American Meteorological Society. He has authored more than 50 scientific papers and a book of conceptual analysis and popularisation about the modeling method in meteo-climatic systems (World Scientific). Theoretical physicist as far as his cultural background is concerned, during the last years Dr. A. Pasini has focused his own research activity on meteo-climatic modeling, with the aim at overcoming those limits shown by dynamical models in local short-range forecasting and global or regional long-range forecasting. Expert in neural networks and theory of complex systems, he is the author of neural models for forecasting physical variables In the boundary layer, such as meteorological visibility (fog), radon concentration at the surface and stable layer depth. The latter physical characterisation activity of the boundary layer from natural radioactivity data analysis has led to interesting forecasting techniques for an air-quality estimation in the towns. At present, he is developing other environmental applications of neural modeling, with particular attention to the topics of assessment on the past, forecasting and predictability in climate change studies. Furthermore, he has obtained interesting results for a better modeling of atmospheric dynamics and predictability, by means of both time series analysis and the study of low-dimensional models from a differential-geometry point of view.
At present, he is leading scientist of a CNR project regarding the application of neural modeling to climate change studies.

dr. Antonello Pasini
CNR - National Research Council/Institute of Atmospheric Pollution
via Salaria Km 29.300 - 00016 Monterotondo Stazione (Rome -Italy)
phone: +39-06-90672274; fax: +39-06-90672660; e-mail: pasini_AT_iia.cnr.it

Prof. Claudio Cassardo

Prof. Claudio Cassardo is Associate Professor at the Faculty of Sciences of Turin University (Italy) since November 2000. He was Researcher at the University of Eastern Piedmont from 1993 to 2000. He teaches the following courses: Meteorology, Environmental Physics and Physics of Climate, and has been the vice-director of the Master of 2nd level in Meteorology organized in the Turin University. He graduated in Physics at the Turin University, Italy, and got the PhD in Geophysics at the Genoa University. He has been Meteorological Forecaster for one year at the Italian Meteorological Service.
He has been the local Scientific Responsible of several research projects funded by the CNR, Italian University Ministery, ASEM and recently he got a funding for an exchange project in the frame of the executive protocol of bilateral agreement Italy-Korea.
He had also some collaborations for several years with the Institute of Sciences and Climate (ISAC) of the National Research Council (CNR), and participated to the project WORLD LABORATORY (Project Land 2 n. 305 - DMP Subproject - Drought and Desertification) with close collaboration with the Academia Sinica of Beijing (China) regarding studies on the interaction surface-vegetation-atmosphere.
He is Member and Webmaster of the IGU (International Geographic Union) Commission on Water Sustainability (web address: http://water-sustainability.ph.unito.it/), whose main objective is the understanding of the effects of the atmospheric variations and of the surface coverage on the frequency and gravity of meteorological and hydrological events, and is also a member of the working group on the boundary layer at the COSMOS consortium. He has been Mission Scientist during the intensive phase (Sep 1999) of the experimental campaign of MAP (Mesoscale Alpine Programme).
His principal research interest include the study of exchange processes in the surface layer, with particular emphasis on the soil physical parameters (temperature and moisture) and turbulent heat fluxes, also from a climatological point of view. His activity ranges from a theoretical approach, also through the use of numerical models, to the experimental activity (He is the responsible of the experimental measuring stations of the Turin University).
He has published over 40 papers on international scientific journals and book, and over 100 presentations at international and national conferences, as well as many invited seminars. More details on his web page: http://www.ph.unito.it/-cassardo/

Prof. Claudio Cassardo
Department of General Physics "Amedeo Avogadro"

University of Torino
Via Pietro Giuria 1 - 10125 Torino - Turin, Italy
phone: +39-011-670-7407; fax: +39-011-658-444; e-mail: cassardo_AT_ph.unito.it    or claudio.cassardo_AT_unito.it

The event on the mass media