We apply the large-charge limit to the first known example of a four-dimensional gauge-Yukawa theory featuring an ultraviolet interacting fixed point in all couplings. We determine the energy of the ground state in presence of large fixed global charges and deduce the global symmetry breaking pattern. We show that the fermions decouple at low energy leaving behind a confining Yang–Mills theory and a characteristic spectrum of type I (relativistic) and type II (non-relativistic) Goldstone bosons. Armed with the knowledge acquired above we finally arrive at establishing the conformal dimensions of the theory as a triple expansion in the large-charge, the number of flavors and the controllably small inverse gauge coupling constant at the UV fixed point. Our results unveil a number of noteworthy properties of the low-energy spectrum, vacuum energy and conformal properties of the theory. They also allow us to derive a new consistency condition for the relative sizes of the couplings at the fixed point.
Domenico Orlando, Susanne Reffert, Francesco Sannino
2019
We construct an efficient Monte Carlo algorithm that overcomes the severe signal-to-noise ratio problems and helps us to accurately compute the conformal dimensions of large-$Q$ fields at the Wilson-Fisher fixed point in the $O(2)$ universality class. Using it we verify a recent proposal that conformal dimensions of strongly coupled conformal field theories with a global $U(1)$ charge can be obtained via a series expansion in the inverse charge $1/Q$. We find that the conformal dimensions of the lowest operator with a fixed charge $Q$ are almost entirely determined by the first few terms in the series.
Debasish Banerjee, Shailesh Chandrasekharan, Domenico Orlando
in PRL,
2017
We study some examples of Yang-Baxter deformations of the $AdS_5 \times S^5$ superstring with non-Abelian classical $r$-matrices which satisfy the homogeneous classical Yang-Baxter equation (CYBE). All of the resulting backgrounds satisfy the generalized type IIB supergravity equations. For some of them, we derive “T-dualized” backgrounds and show that these satisfy the usual type IIB supergravity equations. Remarkably, some of them are locally identical to undeformed $AdS_5 \times S^5$.
Domenico Orlando, Susanne Reffert, Jun-ichi Sakamoto, Kentaroh Yoshida
Journal of Physics A Highlight,
2016
We calculate the anomalous dimensions of operators with large global charge $J$ in certain strongly coupled conformal field theories in three dimensions, such as the $O(2)$ model and the supersymmetric fixed point with a single chiral superfield and a $W = \Phi^3$ superpotential. Working in a $1/J$ expansion, we find that the large-$J$ sector of both examples is controlled by a conformally invariant effective Lagrangian for a Goldstone boson of the global symmetry. For both these theories, we find that the lowest state with charge $J$ is always a scalar operator whose dimension is $ \Delta(J) = a J^{3 / 2} + b J^{1 / 2} - 0.093$, up to corrections that vanish at large $J$.
Simeon Hellerman, Domenico Orlando, Susanne Reffert, Masataka Watanabe
In JHEP,
2015