Convexity, large charge and the large-N phase diagram of the φ⁴ theory


In this note we discuss the phase space of the O(2N) vector model in the presence of a quadratic and a quartic interaction by writing the large-N effective potential using large charge methods in dimensions 2<D<4 and 4<D<6. Based on a simple discussion of the convexity properties of the grand potential, we find very different behavior in the two regimes: while in 2<D<4, the theory is well-behaved, the model in 4<D<6 leads to a complex CFT in the UV, consistently with earlier results. We also find a new metastable massive phase in the high-energy regime for the theory on the cylinder.